Cap considered a fundamental part of the house: It prevents deformation of the building, maintaining critical temperature gradients, precipitation. Therefore, it is lined plays a special role in the construction of the house. Facing the cap completely at home can be done with their own hands.
The content of the article
- 1 The concept of base, kinds
- 2 Building material for wall
- 3 The need for lining plinth
- 4 Decorating the house plinth facing building material
- 5 Stepwise abstract finish ground portion
- 5.1 pile foundation
- 5.2 concrete foundation
- 5.3 A natural stone
The concept of base, kinds
Bearing structures of the foundation of the structure is underground, hidden from observers. Cap - part, which is located above the ground - it is a building. Very often the color of the camouflage cap, structure texture.
The task of plating base is similar to the task himself: maintaining walls, reception, load balancing. It protects it from adverse factors. So that moisture does not leak between the cap, paving the wall waterproofing, eg, ruberoyd.
Cap acts, sinks with respect to the outer wall or coincides with it. It is better to build a house, where use sink base view, then waterproofing just hiding, just held insulation, Finish at least some building material.
Speaker socket is best done in buildings, where the cellars. This type is indispensable in the construction of thin walls. Then it equips tide, otherwise the finish will have to do every year.
Plinth flush with the wall - a bad option of building. As a result, suffers exterior of the house, it is impossible to hide the waterproofing. when the walls, thin cap - damp in the house, windows going to the condensate.
When the device upper part of the foundation to keep in mind about the device airhole, which provide ventilation under the floor. These holes make for a distance 150 mm from ground level.
Building material for wall
To carry out trim cap using a variety of materials:
- Natural stone;
- armored concrete.
Natural stone makes it possible not to coat plinth, and brick, concrete imply outer liner such materials:
- мраморная крошка;
- ceramic tile;
- ryadovaya plaster.
Facing the cap keramoplitkoy, silicate brick inexpedient, since after winter defects occur on rows of bricks, tiles chipped off, disappears. More reliable option is considered finishing of stone, but, this is an expensive option. simple, reliable option considered everyday plaster.
The need for lining plinth
Choosing construction materials for finishing, consider, that ornamentation on this issue is secondary. In the first place should be set resistance, its characteristics. Take into account the safety function, eg, там, where there is no subfloor, a pillar trim, taking soil pressure on yourself. Because the choice of finish is considered a safety issue, and later Beauty.
If there is an underground room, the cladding - it is an option to do a better thermal insulation. Finishing with a heat insulator on the order increases the safety of heat.
The performance of the materials for decoration should pay attention, Since it is important endurance, heat conductivity, sturdiness, low hygroscopicity.
Facing materials allows for one-site, used in the creation of designs. For example, Concrete is not suitable for brick paint.
Decorating the house plinth facing building material
Choosing the finishing material, should pay attention to the decoration, Not forgetting about the qualities.
Has increased the strength of granite. he hardy, hardwearing, and also has decorative properties. plinth, lined with granite, It looks great with a porch, sdelannsm from the same material, It has more discreet appearance.
Considered decorative clinker tiles - gives a sense of clinker on the surface. Since clinker expensive building material, the trim panel under the clinker brick saves money, but it has a wealth of view. Such a material veneer wall, corners of the house.
Paving (ceramic granite) tile glue to glue does not freeze. Also, it is mounted on the frame. 2-nd a way to reliably, especially that between the frame, make insulation plate.
Bonding is carried out by the method of laying ceramic with a certain feature - a different level of the ground around the perimeter of the house. Calculating the number of rows occurs with the plate width, seams. It should be extinct line 2 a number below, otchertit line, starting to mount the bar. Later, all seams sealed with a special compound for grouting.
Natural stone is considered the old finishing option - it is strong, eco-friendly, beautiful, durable. A natural stone (marble, granite) use in home decoration. It is laid on a solution of the cement.
If there is no real opportunity to buy natural stone, the candidate becomes finish artificial stone. His release under different breeds of different color palettes. The weight of the material in the fraction of a natural material - it simplifies lining.
Miscellaneous construction materials PVC mimic panel, which were also used for decoration of plinth. But ground siding has a difference - it is resistant to damage, It has a different composition (in comparison with wall). The panels can withstand temperature extremes from - 50 to + 60 degrees.
stacking panels carried on rails, and between them they joined a special lock (tongue and groove). there are fine-, large size PVC-lining elements. As oblitsevat plinth siding can be seen on video:
Plinth trim Bent - a cost-effective, simple version of the lining, in which he firmly protected for many years.
Decorative plaster is applied to a previously primed for, clean surface. Before plaster from time to time you want to apply a reinforcing pulp with mineral base.
When the cap has a certain roughness, it is necessary to use reinforcing mesh (welded, woven, wicker) - it increases the strength of the plaster solution. If the layer of plaster slight, then use a fiberglass mesh.
Layer of plaster roughened, smooth, with the introduction of prints. For these purposes apply stamps, rollers. The final plaster finish is painted special façade paint.
Stepwise abstract finish ground portion
Development of installation of the fabric depends on the type of foundation, Favorites building materials for finishing. for example, plinth of natural stone, He does not ask finish, and for the pile foundation will certainly make the reinforced frame, which is mounted finishing building material. Cap houses of wood not trim, until the house is one hundred percent will not pass shrinkage.
- To frame the equipment around the pile foundation using wooden slats, metal profiles.
Should be considered, slats of wood that are short-lived time and, after a certain period of time pridttsya change frame for finishing.
- The frame is fixed on stilts with screws.
- Then attach to the frame insulation material.
- Heat insulator primed a moisture finishing material.
plinth, made of concrete, brick requires advance preparation: cleaned of impurities, dust, smooth with a special solution. After carrying out such works are applied moisture-proof primer, and it laid the finishing material.
Each has its own characteristics landing. For example, panel, tiles mounted on a certain type of adhesive, stone "planted" on the concrete solution, some materials have a special connection lock (tongue and groove).
A natural stone
The first step is to determine the amount of material, its thickness, coloring. Calculated surface area, which will coat your hands. When you purchase the material should be purchased at 10% stone more - to adjust. The color of the material should be in harmony with the house. If a black roof, the perfect reddish sandstone, if the light, the stone of yellowish color.
More affordable thin gray stone is considered by prices 1,5 cm.
Development laying finishing material:
- It is necessary to prepare the surface of the cap: removes cement nodules at the seams, held brush priming (roller) betonokontakta.
- Pick up the pieces of limestone, which has a smooth outer side (and side, that fastens).
- Apply cement (glue) on the surface.
- Stone tightly adhered to the surface, and adjacent stone.
- Podstukivayut it, so that all the air went out.
- Pick up a subsequent stone, skalyvaya unnecessary.
- glue it, getting to the level of parts.
- The holes are filled with small items.
- Trimmed before curing solution seams.
- The finished surface is coated with varnish, and do canopy over the plinth, to precipitation did not destroy it.
All the finishes are excellent, you only need to select the appropriate, so it does not knocked out of the general construction of the ensemble. All work on the facing of the plinth just make with your own hands - you just have to follow the advice, and installation technology.