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Your house any owner wishes to make convenient, comfortable accommodation. To analyze this heat loss reducing internal air temperature. Many insulated floor, walls, but completely forget about the loss of heat through radiant cooling – it is up to 20%. Methods of insulation of ceilings, there are several - they include the indoor work and attic (if it is a private house).
The content of the article
1 situation, when the ceiling is not sleduet1.1 insulate ceilings insulated in such situations:2 practical, safe methods potolka3 insulation Insulation materials for ceilings Insulation of mineral potolkov3.1 vatoy3.2 Warming ekovatoy3.3 penoplastom4 Warming Warming of the balcony ceiling
situation, when the ceiling should not be warm
There are different situations, when the ceiling should not be warm. for example, if the interior floors in the house are made of RC panels with internal voids. Builders may forget to close up the ends of such plates, and then the cold air "walks" inside panels. To get rid of such problems is not necessary to insulate the ceiling – it is necessary to carry out wall insulation. In this case, the insulated walls of the room and close the ends of the panels.
In houses, where the air temperature is above, under the beams (concrete, wood) the same, it is not necessary to insulate, also do not need steam, waterproofing. Insulating material used in this situation to improve soundproofing.
The ceilings are insulated in such situations:
Carried out the construction of the house, put beams for ceiling, and it planned unheated attic. In this situation, make the overlap of ceiling insulation: laying the heating material between the girders, Lower make a vapor barrier, kontrobreshetku, sheathing, the top surface of the beam also sutured. After the event ceiling will be insulated and the issue will not be returned.
Made a warm roof does not make it possible to ventilate the structure of wood, It excludes the possibility prodelyvat insulation measures in the attic.
After living for a while in a new built house, owner finds, that the ceiling of the cold, there is heat loss through the ceiling. Ensure cold ceiling can be very simple – a hand to the ceiling surface.
In the presence in the house of the second floor, attic, which do not enjoy winter, then it is possible to carry out additional heating. It will connect only when necessary.
practical, safe methods of warming the ceiling
The house is insulated ceiling with his hands. The paper does not require complex, expensive tools.
When insulation is best to use a vapor insulation.
When carrying out work on warming is often the material is placed between the ceiling - eliminates the ceiling equipment. It's easy, easy to work.
For internal processes use vapor-permeable construction material. Ceilings are closed with plastic, GVL, tension ceilings.
Insulation materials for ceilings
Thermal insulation materials have a number of properties:
All insulation materials are divided into leaf, fibrous, friable. The apartment is easy to carry out the work - foam glue to the floor panel. The house floors are rare enough, so use other techniques, heaters.
For thermal insulation of ceilings in the house use:
4. mineral wool, other.
Each type has pros, minuses.
Insulation of mineral wool ceiling
Mineral wool prepared from natural ingredients. It is used to insulate wooden ceilings homes. Produce heating material in two forms: rolls, plates of different sizes. Since the material is accessible cost, then it is very often used for insulation. The material is resistant to temperature fluctuations, aggressive environment, good sound-insulating.
When working with mineral wool stick stacking technology: you need to ensure good ventilation, you can not leave areas without insulation.
As part of the mineral wool contains phenol, which easily penetrates the human skin, therefore use protective equipment: gloves, respirator, spectacles, closed clothes.
Prior to the beginning of warming should be to build a frame profile, beams, where then placed insulation. It will require a plug-Nails, drill. This design lowers the ceiling on 150 mm.
In the air-frame has slots, which laid mineral wool sheets. After the end of laying insulation ceiling sheathe GVK, which furnish is applied.
Methods of laying a simple, but, should be aware of the nuances of the material:
1. It can not be pressed, otherwise it will do its job is not;
2. For gluing insulation using tile adhesive (quick of apprehension);
3. Chandeliers should be chosen on a long chain;
4. It is not recommended to use the built-in lights - it is better to use wall sconces.
Ecowool - heating material, which is made of pulp 82%. This bulk material, which is slightly compressed for easy transportation. Before using dried ecowool, while it increased three times.
Since cellulose is quickly ignited, then the composition is added to boronic acid. Incidentally acid prevents rotting material. there is 2 According to the method of thermal insulation material:
Wet - dry ecowool combined with an adhesive agent. Then the mixture was applied to a special device surface. This method is not really suitable for self-warming, because the equipment is expensive.
Dry - dried insulation is poured into the frame cell.
This material is safe, it mutes the sound, eliminates drafts places. With their hands placed on the attic ecowool, making a frame made of wood with a pitch 50 cm.
Then laid asphalt. Cut it with a reserve, To attach the edge. It is used for arranging a vapor barrier - heating material is not getting wet from the bottom. Glue it can be taped, mastic.
On the asphalt is laid ecowool, so it was higher at lag 30 mm. It is spread on a par with lags. Layer insulation film coated, top chipboard, boards.
One of the best insulating materials, used for self-insulation polystyrene ceiling is considered. It is lightweight, not subject to decay. It is quite thin, so after work, ceilings lowered centimeters 6.
Material not sags, therefore, do not appear drafts zone. Note the use of the term 15 years old – with its low cost is not critical. Insulation is not lit., however, highlights the dangerous smoke. The foam is sometimes glued to the glue, and the top cover trim. This is the easiest method of ceiling insulation.
If foam insulation is carried out on the surface of wood, the slit sealed adhesive mixture, sawdust (silicone). Warming was conducted as follows:
1. The attic is cleaned of debris, of things.
2. Measure the area of the room.
3. Procuring material having a minimum thickness.
4. The surface of the foam shrouded, fill the gaps with foam
5. If the attic is used for the living room, the top of the foam is poured screed - it will not give the possibility of its destruction. For pre-set tie-reinforced mesh. The thickness of the screed 5 cm.
As insulated ceilings outside you can see in this video:
Warming of the balcony ceiling
On the balcony for insulation foam is often used, a density 15 kg / cm2, thickness 50 mm. Such foam PVC top coat (MDF) panel. If the ceiling is plastered, then apply density 25 kg / cm2.
If you are using a foam filler, the material is first glued, and then record the plug-fungi, making 5 fixing points.
If the insulation is held Penoplex, it is enough 2 Plug-fungi on the edge of the panel.
Ceiling insulation is also carried by a foil of expanded polystyrene, but it takes a tough veneer, eg, reechnaya lining, lining, гипсокартон.
The ceiling of the loggia insulated with mineral wool, but its use as an intermediate material between the roofing material, frame. It is placed directly into the ceiling void, on the frame. It is important to: dust from the insulation material must not penetrate through the facing. Mineral wool layer may be up 200 mm.
ways of warming, Materials for warming their hands ceiling enough. There are easy techniques, but any method will work only if the exact fulfillment of all recommendations, work performance technology.